Silk-screen printing is a known printing technique that uses a fabric as a matrix to transfer the ink onto a wide variety of media, such as paper, wood, fabric, glass, but much more.
The technique, known since ancient times in the Far East for decorating fabrics, became extremely popular in the arts in the 1960s. Andy Warhol, in particular, contributed decisively to his popularity: many of his works were in fact made with this technique, which allowed him to print a high number of copies of the same subject, but at the same time to obtain a print each time unique, varying pressure and inks.
The diffusion of screen printing in underground environments and in different subcultures to create posters and covers, is also due to another important factor, namely the ease with which it is possible to create a rudimentary screen-printing laboratory, together with the availability of materials.
Unlike techniques such as lithography, xylography and etching, which require more complex equipment and more expensive materials and which sometimes require caution in using them, a small screen-printing workshop can be built at home with little expense and no particular skills.
As far as the working environment is concerned, you need a table large enough to position the frame, a room that at the right moment can act as a darkroom (preventing light from penetrating), and a tub in which to wash the frame. Screen printing can be done in a more or less sophisticated way, but the absolutely essential tools are:
frame, or an aluminum or wooden frame, on which a polyester cloth is stretched;
doctor blade, tool with metal or wood handle and a rubber “blade” for
special tray to distribute the emulsion;
solvent for photosensitive emulsion;
ink , even the classic acrylic colors are suitable for screen printing;
ink thinner , liquid to be mixed with the color so that it does not dry
immediately and is suitable for use on the frame;
special lamp for screen printing or garden spotlight;
Some tools may not be familiar to those who have never experienced screen printing, however in the steps listed below will be provided more detailed information.